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arXiv:2308.16183 [astro-ph.CO]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Late Time Modification of Structure Growth and the S8 Tension

Meng-Xiang Lin, Bhuvnesh Jain, Marco Raveri, Eric J. Baxter, Chihway Chang, Marco Gatti, Sujeong Lee, Jessica Muir

Published 2023-08-30Version 1

The $S_8$ tension between low-redshift galaxy surveys and the primary CMB signals a possible breakdown of the $\Lambda$CDM model. Recently differing results have been obtained using low-redshift galaxy surveys and the higher redshifts probed by CMB lensing, motivating a possible time-dependent modification to the growth of structure. We investigate a simple phenomenological model in which the growth of structure deviates from the $\Lambda$CDM prediction at late times, in particular as a simple function of the dark energy density. Fitting to galaxy lensing, CMB lensing, BAO, and Supernovae datasets, we find significant evidence - 2.5 - 3$\sigma$, depending on analysis choices - for a non-zero value of the parameter quantifying a deviation from $\Lambda$CDM. The preferred model, which has a slower growth of structure below $z\sim 1$, improves the joint fit to the data over $\Lambda$CDM. While the overall fit is improved, there is weak evidence for galaxy and CMB lensing favoring different changes in the growth of structure.

Comments: 6 pages, 5 figures, 1 table
Categories: astro-ph.CO
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