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One-dimensional completed scattering and quantum nonlocality of entangled states

N. L. Chuprikov

Published 2006-02-21, updated 2006-06-28Version 4

Entanglement is usually associated with compound systems. We first show that a one-dimensional (1D) completed scattering of a particle on a static potential barrier represents an entanglement of two alternative one-particle sub-processes, transmission and reflection, macroscopically distinct at the final stage of scattering. The wave function for the whole ensemble of scattering particles can be uniquely presented as the sum of two isometrically evolved wave packets to describe the (to-be-)transmitted and (to-be-)reflected subensembles of particles at all stages of scattering. A noninvasive Larmor-clock timing procedure adapted to either subensemble shows that namely the dwell time gives the time spent, on the average, by a particle in the barrier region, and it denies the Hartman effect. As regards the group time, it cannot be measured and hence it cannot be accepted as a measure of the tunneling time. We argue that nonlocality of entangled states appears in quantum mechanics due to inconsistency of its superposition principle with the corpuscular properties of a particle. For example, this principle associates a 1D completed scattering with a single (one-way) process, while a particle, as an indivisible object, cannot take part in transmission and reflection, simultaneously.

Comments: Latex, 25 pages, no figures; reference [63] is updated
Categories: quant-ph
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