Continuous doping of a cuprate surface: new insights from in-situ ARPES
Published 2018-05-16Version 1
The cuprate superconductors distinguish themselves from the conventional superconductors in that a small variation in the carrier doping can significantly change the superconducting transition temperature (T_c), giving rise to a superconducting dome where a pseudogap (ref. 1,2) emerges in the underdoped region and a Fermi liquid appears in the overdoped region. Thus a systematic study of the properties over a wide doping range is critical for understanding the superconducting mechanism. Here, we report a new technique to continuously dope the surface of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x through an ozone/vacuum annealing method. Using in-situ ARPES, we obtain precise quantities of energy gaps and the coherent spectral weight over a wide range of doping. We discover that the d-wave component of the quasiparticle gap is linearly proportional to the Nernst temperature that is the onset of superconducting vortices (ref. 3), strongly suggesting that the emergence of superconducting pairing is concomitant with the onset of free vortices, with direct implications for the onset of superconducting phase coherence at T_c and the nature of the pseudogap phenomena.