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arXiv:1407.8184 [astro-ph.CO]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Are Scalar and Tensor Deviations Related in Modified Gravity?

Eric V. Linder

Published 2014-07-30, updated 2014-11-03Version 2

Modified gravity theories on cosmic scales have three key deviations from general relativity. They can cause cosmic acceleration without a physical, highly negative pressure fluid, can cause a gravitational slip between the two metric potentials, and can cause gravitational waves to propagate differently, e.g. with a speed different from the speed of light. We examine whether the deviations in the metric potentials as observable through modified Poisson equations for scalar density perturbations are related to or independent from deviations in the tensor gravitational waves. We show analytically they are independent instantaneously in covariant Galileon gravity -- e.g. at some time one of them can have the general relativity value while the other deviates -- though related globally -- if one deviates over a finite period, the other at some point shows a deviation. We present expressions for the early time and late time de Sitter limits, and numerically illustrate their full evolution. This in(ter)dependence of the scalar and tensor deviations highlights complementarity between cosmic structure surveys and future gravitational wave measurements.

Comments: 6 pages, 3 figures; v2 minor changes to match PRD version
Journal: Phys. Rev. D 90, 083536 (2014)
Categories: astro-ph.CO, gr-qc
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