Minimum-error discrimination of entangled quantum states
Yang Lu, Nick Coish, Rainer Kaltenbaek, Deny R. Hamel, Sarah Croke, Kevin J. Resch
Published 2010-08-04Version 1
Strategies to optimally discriminate between quantum states are critical in quantum technologies. We present an experimental demonstration of minimum error discrimination between entangled states, encoded in the polarization of pairs of photons. Although the optimal measurement involves projecting onto entangled states, we use a result of Walgate et al. to design an optical implementation employing only local polarization measurements and feed-forward, which performs at the Helstrom bound. Our scheme can achieve perfect discrimination of orthogonal states and minimum error discrimination of non-orthogonal states. Our experimental results show a definite advantage over schemes not using feed-forward.