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arXiv:2101.05261 [astro-ph.CO]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Magnification bias in galaxy surveys with complex sample selection functions

Maximilian von Wietersheim-Kramsta, Benjamin Joachimi, Jan Luca van den Busch, Catherine Heymans, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Marika Asgari, Tilman Tröster, Angus H. Wright

Published 2021-01-13Version 1

Gravitational lensing magnification modifies the observed spatial distribution of galaxies and can severely bias cosmological probes of large-scale structure if not accurately modelled. Standard approaches to modelling this magnification bias may not be applicable in practice as many galaxy samples have complex, often implicit, selection functions. We propose and test a procedure to quantify the magnification bias induced in clustering and galaxy-galaxy lensing (GGL) signals in galaxy samples subject to a selection function beyond a simple flux limit. The method employs realistic mock data to calibrate an effective luminosity function slope, $\alpha_{\rm{obs}}$, from observed galaxy counts, which can then be used with the standard formalism. We demonstrate this method for two galaxy samples derived from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) in the redshift ranges $0.2 < z \leq 0.5$ and $0.5 < z \leq 0.75$, complemented by mock data built from the MICE2 simulation. We obtain $\alpha_{\rm{obs}} = 1.93 \pm 0.05$ and $\alpha_{\rm{obs}} = 2.62 \pm 0.28$ for the two BOSS samples. For BOSS-like lenses, we forecast a contribution of the magnification bias to the GGL signal between the angular scales of $100$ and $4600$ with a cumulative signal-to-noise ratio between $0.1$ and $1.1$ for sources from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS), between $0.4$ and $2.0$ for sources from the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC), and between $0.3$ and $2.8$ for ESA Euclid-like source samples. These contributions are significant enough to require explicit modelling in future analyses of these and similar surveys.

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