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arXiv:2009.07254 [math.NT]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

The Hilbert-Schinzel specialization property

Arnaud Bodin, Pierre Dèbes, Joachim König, Salah Najib

Published 2020-09-15Version 1

We establish a version "over the ring" of the celebrated Hilbert Irreducibility Theorem. Given finitely many polynomials in $k+n$ variables, with coefficients in $\mathbb Z$, of positive degree in the last $n$ variables, we show that if they are irreducible over $\mathbb Z$ and satisfy a necessary "Schinzel condition", then the first $k$ variables can be specialized in a Zariski-dense subset of ${\mathbb Z}^k$ in such a way that irreducibility over ${\mathbb Z}$ is preserved for the polynomials in the remaining $n$ variables. The Schinzel condition, which comes from the Schinzel Hypothesis, is that, when specializing the first $k$ variables in ${\mathbb Z}^k$, the product of the polynomials should not always be divisible by some common prime number. Our result also improves on a "coprime" version of the Schinzel Hypothesis: under some Schinzel condition, coprime polynomials assume coprime values. We prove our results over many other rings than $\mathbb Z$, e.g. UFDs and Dedekind domains for the last one.

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