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arXiv:2007.15647 [cs.AR]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Fast Thresholded SC-Flip Decoding of Polar Codes

Furkan Ercan, Warren J. Gross

Published 2020-07-30Version 1

SC-Flip (SCF) decoding algorithm shares the attention with the common polar code decoding approaches due to its low-complexity and improved error-correction performance. However, the inefficient criterion for locating the correct bit-flipping position in SCF decoding limits its improvements. Due to its improved bit-flipping criterion, Thresholded SCF (TSCF) decoding algorithm exhibits a superior error-correction performance and lower computational complexity than SCF decoding. However, the parameters of TSCF decoding depend on multiple channel and code parameters, and are obtained via Monte-Carlo simulations. Our main goal is to realize TSCF decoding as a practical polar decoder implementation. To this end, we first realize an approximated threshold value that is independent of the code parameters and precomputations. The proposed approximation has negligible error-correction performance degradation on the TSCF decoding. Then, we validate an alternative approach for forming a critical set that does not require precomputations, which also paves the way to the implementation of the Fast-TSCF decoder. Compared to the existing fast SCF implementations, the proposed Fast-TSCF decoder has $0.24$ to $0.41$ dB performance gain at frame error rate of $10^{-3}$, without any extra cost. Compared to the TSCF decoding, Fast-TSCF does not depend on precomputations and requires $87\%$ fewer decoding steps. Finally, implementation results in TSMC 65nm CMOS technology show that the Fast-TSCF decoder is $20\%$ and $82\%$ more area-efficient than the state-of-the-art fast SCF and fast SC-List decoder architectures, respectively.

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