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arXiv:2007.15635 [astro-ph.CO]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

KiDS-1000 catalogue: Redshift distributions and their calibration

H. Hildebrandt, J. L. van den Busch, A. H. Wright, C. Blake, B. Joachimi, K. Kuijken, T. Tröster, M. Asgari, M. Bilicki, J. T. A. de Jong, A. Dvornik, T. Erben, F. Getman, B. Giblin, C. Heymans, A. Kannawadi, C. -A. Lin, H. -Y. Shan

Published 2020-07-30Version 1

We present redshift distribution estimates of galaxies selected from the fourth data release of the Kilo-Degree Survey over an area of $\sim1000$ deg$^2$ (KiDS-1000). These redshift distributions represent one of the crucial ingredients for weak gravitational lensing measurements with the KiDS-1000 data. The primary estimate is based on deep spectroscopic reference catalogues that are re-weighted with the help of a self-organising-map (SOM) to closely resemble the KiDS-1000 sources, split into five tomographic redshift bins in the photometric redshift range $0.1<z_\mathrm{B}\le1.2$. Sources are selected such that they only occupy that volume of 9-dimensional magnitude-/colour-space that is also covered by the reference samples (`gold' selection). Residual biases in the mean redshifts determined from this calibration are estimated from mock catalogues to be $\lesssim0.01$ for all five bins with uncertainties of $\sim 0.01$. This primary SOM estimate of the KiDS-1000 redshift distributions is complemented with an independent clustering redshift approach. After validation of the clustering-$z$ on the same mock catalogues and a careful assessment of systematic errors, we find no significant bias of the SOM redshift distributions with respect to the clustering-$z$ measurements. The SOM redshift distributions re-calibrated by the clustering-$z$ represent an alternative calibration of the redshift distributions with only slightly larger uncertainties in the mean redshifts of $\sim 0.01-0.02$ to be used in KiDS-1000 cosmological weak lensing analyses. As this includes the SOM uncertainty, clustering-$z$ are shown to be fully competitive on KiDS-1000 data.

Comments: 14 pages, 7 figures, 3 tables, submitted to A&A. This paper is part of the KiDS-1000 series of papers, accompanying Heymans, Tr\"oster et al. and Asgari et al. appearing on the arXiv today, joining Joachimi et al. (arXiv:2007.01844) and Giblin et al. (arXiv:2007.01845). Online KiDS-1000 talks and seminars can be viewed at
Categories: astro-ph.CO, astro-ph.IM
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