Guest-Tunable Dielectric Sensing Using a Single Crystal of HKUST-1
Published 2020-02-13Version 1
There is rising interest on low-k dielectric materials based on porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for improved electrical insulation in microelectronics. Herein, we demonstrate the concept of MOF dielectric sensor built from a single crystal of HKUST-1. We study guest encapsulation effects of polar and non-polar molecules, by monitoring the transient dielectric response and AC conductivity of the crystal exposed to different vapors (water, I2, methanol, ethanol). The dielectric properties were measured along the <100> crystal direction in the frequency range of 100 Hz to 2 MHz. The dielectric data show the efficacy of MOF dielectric sensor for discriminating the guest analytes. The time-dependent transient response reveals dynamics of the molecular inclusion and exclusion processes in the nanoscale pores. Since dielectric response is ubiquitous to all MOF materials (unlike DC conductivity and fluorescence), our results demonstrate the potential of dielectric MOF sensors compared to resistive sensors and luminescence-based approaches.