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arXiv:1908.04778 [astro-ph.HE]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Quasi-simultaneous radio and X-ray observations of Aql X-1: probing low luminosities

N. V. Gusinskaia, J. W. T. Hessels, N. Degenaar, A. T. Deller, J. C. A. Miller-Jones, A. M. Archibald, C. O. Heinke, J. Moldon, A. Patruno, J. A. Tomsick, R. Wijnands

Published 2019-08-13Version 1

Aql X-1 is one of the best-studied neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. It was previously targeted using quasi-simultaneous radio and X-ray observations during at least 7 different accretion outbursts. Such observations allow us to probe the interplay between accretion inflow (X-ray) and jet outflow (radio). Thus far, these combined observations have only covered one order of magnitude in radio and X-ray luminosity range; this means that any potential radio - X-ray luminosity correlation, $L_R \propto L_X^{\beta}$, is not well constrained ($\beta \approx$ 0.4-0.9, based on various studies) or understood. Here we present quasi-simultaneous Very Large Array and Swift-XRT observations of Aql X-1's 2016 outburst, with which we probe one order of magnitude fainter in radio and X-ray luminosity compared to previous studies ($5 \times 10^{34} < L_X < 3 \times 10^{35}$ erg s$^{-1}$, i.e., the intermediate to low-luminosity regime between outburst peak and quiescence). The resulting radio non-detections indicate that Aql X-1's radio emission decays more rapidly at low X-ray luminosities than previously assumed - at least during the 2016 outburst. Assuming similar behaviour between outbursts, and combining all available data, this can be modelled as a steep $\beta=1.17^{+0.30}_{-0.21}$ power-law index or as a sharp radio cut-off at $L_X \lesssim 5 \times 10^{35}$ erg s$^{-1}$. We discuss these results in the context of other similar studies.

Comments: 15 pages, 11 figures, 3 tables, submitted to MNRAS
Categories: astro-ph.HE
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