Self-bound Doubly-Dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates
Published 2019-07-18Version 1
We analyze the physics of self-bound droplets in a doubly dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate (DDBEC) composed by particles with both electric and magnetic dipole moments. Using the particularly relevant case of dysprosium, we show that the anisotropy of the doubly-dipolar interaction potential is highly versatile and nontrivial, depending critically on the relative orientation and strength between the two dipole moments. This opens novel possibilities for exploring intriguing quantum many-body physics. Interestingly, by varying the angle between the two dipoles we find a dimensional crossover from quasi one-dimensional to quasi two-dimensional self-bound droplets. This opens a so far unique scenario in condensate physics, in which a dimensional crossover is solely driven by interactions in the absence of any confinement.