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arXiv:1904.07221 [astro-ph.GA]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

The JCMT BISTRO Survey: The Magnetic Field of the Barnard 1 Star-Forming Region

Simon Coudé, Pierre Bastien, Martin Houde, Sarah Sadavoy, Rachel Friesen, James Di Francesco, Doug Johnstone, Steve Mairs, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, Derek Ward-Thompson, David Berry, Michael Chun-Yuan Chen, Jason Fiege, Erica Franzmann, Jennifer Hatchell, Kevin Lacaille, Brenda C. Matthews, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Andy Pon, Philippe André, Doris Arzoumanian, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswaraiah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Minho Choi, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, C. Darren Dowell, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Sam Falle, Per Friberg, Gary Fuller, Ray S. Furuya, Tim Gledhill, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Saeko S. Hayashi, Thiem Hoang, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Yoshihiro Kanamori, Akimasa Kataoka, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Jason M. Kirk, Masato I. N. Kobayashi, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Jeong-Eun Lee, Chang Won Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Di Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, Sven van Loo, A-Ran Lyo, Masafumi Matsumura, Tetsuya Nagata, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Harriet Parsons, Kate Pattle, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Ramprasad Rao, Mark G. Rawlings, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Hiro Saito, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Masumichi Seta, Hiroko Shinnaga, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Yusuke Tsukamoto, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Tetsuya Zenko, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu

Published 2019-04-15Version 1

We present the POL-2 850~$\mu$m linear polarization map of the Barnard~1 clump in the Perseus molecular cloud complex from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We find a trend of decreasing polarization fraction as a function of total intensity, which we link to depolarization effects towards higher density regions of the cloud. We then use the polarization data at 850~$\mu$m to infer the plane-of-sky orientation of the large-scale magnetic field in Barnard~1. This magnetic field runs North-South across most of the cloud, with the exception of B1-c where it turns more East-West. From the dispersion of polarization angles, we calculate a turbulence correlation length of $5.0 \pm 2.5$~arcsec ($1500$~au), and a turbulent-to-total magnetic energy ratio of $0.5 \pm 0.3$ inside the cloud. We combine this turbulent-to-total magnetic energy ratio with observations of NH$_3$ molecular lines from the Green Bank Ammonia Survey (GAS) to estimate the strength of the plane-of-sky component of the magnetic field through the Davis-Chandrasekhar-Fermi method. With a plane-of-sky amplitude of $120 \pm 60$~$\mu$G and a criticality criterion $\lambda_c = 3.0 \pm 1.5$, we find that Barnard~1 is a supercritical molecular cloud with a magnetic field nearly dominated by its turbulent component.

Comments: 22 pages, 7 figures, submitted to ApJ, second revision
Categories: astro-ph.GA
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