Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance on Two-Dimensional HfSe2 and ZrSe2
Published 2018-10-11Version 1
HfSe2 and ZrSe2 are newly discovered two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) with promising properties for future nanoelectronics and optoelectronics. We theoretically revealed the electronic and optical properties of these two emerging 2D semiconductors, and evaluated their performance for the application of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) at extreme conditions: in-plane direction versus out-of-plane direction and monolayer versus multilayer. First, the energy band structure and dielectric constants were calculated for both the monolayer and multilayer structures using Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KS-DFT) with van der Waals (vdW) corrections. A parallel-band effect observed in the monolayer band structure indicates a strong light-matter interaction. Then, based on the calculated dielectric constants, the performance of the LSPR excited by Au sphere nanoparticles (NPs) was quantitatively characterized, including polarizability, scattering and absorption cross-sections, and radiative efficiency using Mie theory. For the multilayer HfSe2 and ZrSe2, the LSPR showed very comparable intensities in both the in-plane and out-of-plane directions, suggesting an isotropy-like light-matter interaction. In a comparison, the LSPR excited on the monolayer HfSe2 and ZrSe2 was clearly observed in the in-plane direction but effectively suppressed in the out-of-plane direction due to the unique anisotropic nature. In addition to this extraordinary anisotropy-to-isotropy transition as the layer number increases, a red-shift of the LSPR wavelength was also found. Our work has predicated the thickness-dependent anisotropic light-matter interaction on the emerging 2D semiconducting HfSe2 and ZrSe2, which holds great potential for broad optoelectronic applications such as sensing and energy conversion.