The Lamb-Oseen Vortex and Paint Marbling
Published 2018-10-10Version 1
The displacement pattern arising from the decay of a two-dimensional Lamb-Oseen vortex in a Newtonian fluid can be closely modeled by the closed-form expression presented here. This formula enables Lamb-Oseen vortex simulation orders of magnitude faster than can be accomplished using finite-element methods, and without the accumulation of errors. "French Curl" marbling patterns look as though they are created by a vortex. Analysis and simulation of a nineteenth century example of French Curl finds that the pattern was created without a vortex. True vortexes are rarely seen in paint marbling because, in order to reach Reynolds numbers larger than 90, viscosity of the fluid bath must be much lower than is customarily used.