Work and Heat Value of Bound Entanglement
Published 2018-09-13Version 1
Entanglement has recently been recognized as an energy resource which can outperform classical resources if decoherence is relatively low. Multi-atom entangled states can mutate irreversibly to so called bound entangled (BE) states under noise. Resource value of BE states in information applications has been under critical study and a few cases where they can be useful have been identified. We explore the energetic value of typical BE states. Maximal work extraction is determined in terms of ergotropy. Being non-thermal states, extracting heat from them is less obvious. We propose a scheme in which an ensemble of atomic clusters are subject to a thermal noise before they are randomly injected into a cavity one at a time. Steady state temperature of the cavity is used as the quantifier of the maximal heat exchange with the ensemble. BE and free entangled (FE) states are compared in terms of their ergotropy and maximal heat values. Distinct roles of distillability in work and heat values of FE and BE states are pointed out. Thermometry of distillability of entanglement using micromaser cavity is proposed.