Quotients of the magmatic operad: lattice structures and convergent rewrite systems
Published 2018-09-13Version 1
We study quotients of the magmatic operad, that is the free nonsymmetric operad over one binary generator. In the linear setting, we show that the set of these quotients admits a lattice structure and we show an analog of the Grassmann formula for the dimensions of these operads. In the nonlinear setting, we define comb associative operads, that are operads indexed by nonnegative integers generalizing the associative operad. We show that the set of comb associative operads admits a lattice structure, isomorphic to the lattice of nonnegative integers equipped with the division order. Driven by computer experimentations, we provide a finite convergent presentation for the comb associative operad in correspondence with~$3$. Finally, we study quotients of the magmatic operad by one cubic relation by expressing their Hilbert series and providing combinatorial realizations.