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arXiv:1809.05081 [quant-ph]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Demonstration of displacement sensing of a mg-scale pendulum for mm- and mg- scale gravity measurements

Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Masakazu Sugawara, Seiya Suzuki, Naofumi Abe, Kentaro Komori, Yuta Michimura, Yoichi Aso, Seth B. Cataño-Lopez, Keiichi Edamatsu

Published 2018-09-13Version 1

Gravity generated by large masses at long distances has been observed using a variety of probes from atomic interferometers to torsional balances. However, gravitational coupling between small masses has never been observed so far. Here we realize displacement sensing of a mg-scale probe pendulum with the quality factor of 250, whose sensitivity is $3\times10^{-14}\rm{m/\sqrt{Hz}}$ at a mechanical resonant frequency of 280 Hz. This sensitivity for an integration time of one second corresponds to the displacement generated by the gravitational coupling between the probe and a mm separated 100 mg mass, whose position is modulated at the pendulum mechanical resonant frequency. The sensitivity demonstrated here paves the way for a new class of experiments where gravitational coupling between small masses in quantum regimes can be achieved.

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