Ionic-to-electronic transcarrier current amplification in hybrid perovskite solar cells
Published 2018-05-16Version 1
Mobile ions in hybrid perovskite semiconductor devices introduce a new degree of freedom for electronics suggesting applications beyond photovoltaics. An intuitive device model describing the interplay between ionic and electronic charge transfer is needed to unlock the full potential of the technology. We describe the perovskite-contact interfaces as transistors which couple ionic charge redistribution to energetic barriers controlling electronic injection and recombination. This reveals an amplification factor between the out of phase electronic current and the ionic current. The resulting simple equivalent circuit model, which we verified with time-dependent drift-diffusion simulations of impedance spectra, allows a general description and interpretation of perovskite solar cell behaviour. Our findings also suggest a strategy to design thin film electronic components with large, tuneable, capacitor-like and inductor-like characteristics.