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arXiv:1708.03318 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]AbstractReferencesReviewsResources

Coherent phonons in a $Bi_2Se_3$ film generated by an intense single-cycle THz pulse

A. A. Melnikov, K. N. Boldyrev, Yu. G. Selivanov, V. P. Martovitskii, S. V. Chekalin, E. A. Ryabov

Published 2017-08-10Version 1

We report an observation of coherent phonons of $E_g^1$, $E_u^1$, $E_g^2$ and $A_{1g}^2$ symmetry generated in a single-crystal film of $Bi_2Se_3$ by an intense single-cycle THz pulse. The atomic vibrations reveal themselves through periodic anisotropic modulation of the refractive index of the film. The largest signal is detected at the frequency of 4.05 THz that corresponds to the $E_g^2$ mode. The generation of $E_g^2$ phonons is interpreted as resonant excitation of the Raman mode by the second harmonic of THz-driven nonlinear $E_u^1$ oscillator, the fundamental frequency of which (2.05 THz) is approximately half that of $E_g^2$. The origin of nonlinearity in this case is cubic lattice anharmonicity, while generation of $E_g^1$ (1.1 THz) and $A_{1g}^2$ (5.3 THz) phonons is a manifestation of quartic anharmonicity that provides the frequency combination $2\Omega(E_u^1) =\Omega(A_{1g}^2) - \Omega(E_g^1)$.

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