Stability in Chaos
Published 2017-07-14Version 1
Intrinsic instability of trajectories characterizes chaotic dynamical systems. We report here that trajectories can exhibit a surprisingly high degree of stability, over a very long time, in a chaotic dynamical system. We provide a detailed quantitative description of this effect for a one-dimensional model of inertial particles in a turbulent flow using large-deviation theory. Specifically, the determination of the entropy function for the distribution of finite-time Lyapunov exponents reduces to the analysis of a Schr\"odinger equation, which is tackled by semi-classical methods.